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Subclinical Rhythmic EEG Discharge of Adult (SREDA) in a Child With Generalized Epilepsy and Literature Review of SREDA in Children

Goeden, Marcie; Bansal, Lalit, R.

Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: May 2018 - Volume 35 - Issue 3 - p 270–272
doi: 10.1097/WNP.0000000000000408
Case Report
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Summary: Subclinical rhythmic discharges of adult (SREDA) is a rare benign EEG variant in adults and is of unknown clinical significance. Its occurrence in children is extremely rare. In review of the literature, it has been described in only four children. We present a case of a 10-year-old female with generalized idiopathic childhood absence epilepsy who is noted to have SREDA in three subsequent EEGs performed across a 25-month span. She had no clinical change with these discharges and it was believed to be a benign variant. Including our patient, three of four children with SREDA presented with generalized epilepsy leading to the conclusion that, although rare, SREDA is more common in children presenting with generalized epilepsy.

Division of Neurology, Children's Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, Missouri, U.S.A.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Lalit R. Bansal, MD, Division of Neurology, Children's Mercy Hospital and Clinics, ANX 2nd Floor, 2401 Gillham Rd, Kansas City, MO 64108, U.S.A.; e-mail: lbansal@cmh.edu.

The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.

Departmental policy does not require ethical approval for case reports in which the patient's anonymity is preserved.

This work was performed at Children's Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, MO.

M. Goeden: literature search; manuscript writing and revision; and took care of the patient. L. R. Bansal: literature search; manuscript writing and revision; and reviewed the patient's EEGs

© 2018 by the American Clinical Neurophysiology Society