This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of botulinum toxin therapy, as a monotherapy, and its effect on quality of life in patients with essential tremor (ET) who are resistant to medical treatment or cannot tolerate optimum drug doses in the population.
This retrospective research was conducted between February 2019 and December 2019 with 15 adult patients (9 men and 6 women) in the 50-to-70 age group, who had a definite diagnosis of ET as evaluated by the same clinician. With the help of electroneuromyography, intramuscular onabotulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) injection was administered to the related muscles, not exceeding 100 U in total. Demographic characteristics and duration of disease of all patients were recorded. The tremor severity of patients before the injection, 1 month after the injection, and 3 months after the injection was assessed by the Fahn-Tolosa-Marín Tremor Rating Scale (FTM-TRS), applied by the same clinician during the face-to-face interviews, in addition to the Questionnaire for Essential Tremor (QUEST), which was filled out by participants.
The first month and third month mean QUEST and FTM-TRS scores were statistically lower than that before the procedure in patients with ET after BoNT-A injection (P = 0.001, P = 0.001, P = 0.001, and P = 0.001). In addition, the mean FTM-TRS and QUEST scores for the first month after the procedure were significantly lower than the mean FTM-TRS and QUEST scores for the third month (P = 0.005 and P = 0.007).
We believe that our study is valuable because there is no research on the effect of BoNT-A administration on ET treatment in the our country population and because the effect of BoNT-A treatment on quality of life in patients with ET was evaluated using the ET-specific QUEST scale.