Original ArticlesMedication Phobia A New Cause of Drug Noncompliance in Parkinson DiseaseSchlesinger, Ilana MD*; Rabinowitz, David MD†Author Information *Department of Neurology, Rambam Health Care Campus, Technion Faculty of Medicine, Haifa, Israel; and †Psychiatric Outpatients’ Clinic, Department of Psychiatry, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel. The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare. Both authors contributed equally to the manuscript. Address correspondence and reprint requests to Ilana Schlesinger, MD, Department of Neurology, Rambam Health Care Campus, PO Box 9602, Haifa 31096, Israel; E-mail: [email protected] Clinical Neuropharmacology: November/December 2011 - Volume 34 - Issue 6 - p 220-223 doi: 10.1097/WNF.0b013e3182372526 Buy Metrics Abstract Objective To describe a new form of anxiety in patients with Parkinson disease (PD). Methods We retrospectively reviewed 100 consecutive charts of patients with PD to identify those who did not adhere to their medication schedule owing to irrational fear of taking their medication. Information pertaining to their PD and comorbid medical conditions was collected. Results We identified 6 patients with PD who had severe disability, yet anxiety from taking the medication caused avoidance of taking appropriate oral medication. This avoidance persisted in the face of reassurance that the medication is not dangerous and that taking the medication would improve their disability. Conclusion This study describes a new form of anxiety in patients with PD. We propose the term ``medication phobia’’ to describe these patients. © 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.