ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTIONS: PDF OnlyBaas H.; Harder, S.; Bürklin, F.; Demisch, L.; Fischer, P. A.Clinical Neuropharmacology: March-April 1998 - p 86-92 Buy Abstract Summary The modification of the pharmacodynamic response to a single oral dose of levodopa/benserazide by the coadministration of the dopamine agonist apomorphine was investigated in parkinsonian patients with end-of-dose motor fluctuations. The relation between levodopa plasma concentrations and motor response was examined in a double-blind, randomized, crossover design in 10 patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease with end-of-dose motor fluctuations. Oral single-dose challenges with 100 mg of levodopa/25 mg of benserazide were carried out twice in each patient, under coadministration with apomorphine ( 1 mg/h) or 0.9% saline (placebo) subcutaneously. The sum scores (σ score) of the Columbia University Rating Scale (CURS) were used as effect parameters for pharmacodynamic assessment. A sigmoidal Emax model was fitted to the data using a semiparametric pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic approach. Levodopa pharmacokinetics were not significantly modified by the coadministration of apomorphine. The area under the curve was 1599 ± 615 ng ml-1 h. (levodopa + saline) and 1821 ± 625 ng.ml-1 h (levodopa + apomorphine). Cmax was 1094 ± 476 ng.ml 1 (levodopa + saline) and 1129 ± 435 ng.ml 1 (levodopa + apomorphine). Under both experimental regimens, the maximum clinical response to levodopa (Emax) yielded a decrease in the CURS σ rating of about 20 score points. Estimates of the EC50 of levodopa decreased significantly from 430 ± 163 ng.ml 1 (levodopa + saline) to 315 ± 123 ng+ml 1 (levodopa + apomorphine) (95% confidence interval [Cl] 0.51 −0.98, point estimator 0.75). The mean duration of the motor response rose from 1.9 ± 0.5 h (levodopa + saline) to 3.0 ± 0.9 h (levodopa + apomorphine (95% CI 1.23 to 2.06, point estimator 1.60). Thus, a reduction of the threshold levels for levodopa (EC50) was accompanied by approximately 50% gain in on-phase duration, but not in an increased magnitude of the motor response (Emax). © Williams & Wilkins 1998. All Rights Reserved.