Two-hundred four patients between 70 and 85 years of age were included in a double-blind randomized controlled multicenter study (almitrine-raubasine/placebo). Inclusion criteria were a complaint of cognitive disorders and an objective cognitive impairment evaluated by Folstein et al. “Mini-Mental State” (MMS) and by Sandoz Clinical Assessment for Geriatrics (SCAG). Patients were treated for 6 months and evaluations were performed at the beginning of the trial (TO), then 3 (T3) and 6 (T6) months later. Evaluations included a visual analogic self-rating scale and the following psychometric tests: Trail Making A (TMA), Shopping List Task, Word Fluency, Crossing Out Letters, Logical Memory, Digit Span, and Visual Retention. Anxiety and Depression Scales were also used to assess the effects of almitrine-raubasine on affective status. Statistical analysis involving the whole sample did not show any significant difference between the almitrine-raubasine and placebo groups concerning changes in assessment criteria from TO to T6. However, these results may have been due to the wide heterogeneity of baseline performances in psychometric tests. To prevent this possible bias, further statistical analysis was performed for each psychometric test after patients had been divided into three classes according to baseline score levels. Considering scores on TMA and Digit Span for patients with scores in the intermediate class on TMA, almitrine-raubasine induced a significantly higher improvement in performance from TO to T6 than that induced by placebo. On the other hand, no side effects were noted with almitrine-raubasine when compared with placebo. These data suggest that almitrine-raubasine enhances concentrated attention in patients with mild to moderate impairment of this function.
Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr. M. Malbezin at I.R.I.S., 6, Place des Pléïades, 92415 Courbevoie Cedex, France.
© Williams & Wilkins 1990. All Rights Reserved.