Review: PDF OnlySaper Joel R.; Jones, J. MichaelClinical Neuropharmacology: June 1986 - p 244-256 Buy Abstract Summary: Based on our clinical experience and the data reviewed and presented in this report, we propose that a state of physical dependency to ergotamine tartrate exists. This dependency state is characterized by the irresistible and dependable use of ergotamine tartrate and is contingent upon a self-sustaining, rhythmic headache/medication cycle that reflects the dependency. The headache and accompaniments (withdrawal headache?) represent the primary withdrawal symptoms. The presence of this state appears to render patients refractory to other forms of preventative therapy, which can be effective only when ergotamine is discontinued and the cycle broken. If the condition is left untreated, it is likely though by no means certain that the more traditional aspects of ergotism will evolve, although variable susceptibility and tolerance to ergotamine tartrate have been demonstrated. The mechanism of this disorder remains uncertain but might be related to the influence of ergotamine tartrate on the limbic-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and other aminergic centers (locus ceruleus), areas considered by some as the central loci for the pathogenesis and associated symptoms of migraine. © Williams & Wilkins 1986. All Rights Reserved.