Trisomy of the long arm of chromosome 20 is rare. We describe an 18-month-old male who was born at 36 weeks via Caesarian section after an uneventful pregnancy. During the newborn period he was found to have a right-sided cleft lip and cleft palate, hypertelorism, strabismus and mildly over-folded ears with cupping. Cardiovascular examination was consistent with the diagnosis of severe aortic coarctation, which was confirmed by echocardiogram. Additionally, hypothyroidism was diagnosed. Neurological evaluation at 18 months revealed a hypotonic infant with delayed acquisition of motor milestones. Cytogenetic analysis showed additional material on the long arm of chromosome 20, confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis as being of chromosome 20 origin. Because of the indistinct GTG-banding pattern it was not possible to distinguish between a proximal [dup(20)(q11.2q13.1)] or distal duplication [dup(20)(q13.1q13.3)]. To further define the duplication we used array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) which demonstrated a 7.8 Mb interstitial duplication in distal 20q. Thus, the proband's karyotype was interpreted as 46,XY,dup(20)(q13.2q13.2). The proband is the first reported case of a pure duplication of this region. This case further highlights the utility of array CGH in characterizing aneusomies and, in particular, for accurate breakpoint designation and quantitation of ambiguous rearrangements.
aDivision of Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, USA
bDivision of Medical Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Medical Genetics, University of California, San Francisco, USA
cComprehensive Cancer Center, University of California, San Francisco, USA
dDepartment of Laboratory Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, USA
eDepartment of Pathology, Children's Hospital and Research Center, Oakland, USA
Correspondence and requests for reprints to Philip D. Cotter, Department of Pathology, Children's Hospital and Research Center at Oakland, 747 Fifty Second Street, Oakland, CA 94609
Tel: +1 510 428 3518; fax: +1 510 601 3998;
Sponsorship: This work was supported in part by NIH grants HD048502 (K.A.R), CA83040 (D.P.) and CA84118 (D.G.A).
Received 6 May 2005 Accepted 6 October 2005