BOYD E.; SCHWARTZ, C. E.; SCHROER, R. J.; MAY, M. M.; SHAPIRO, S. D.; ARENA, J. FERNANDO; LUBS, H. A.; STEVENSON, R. E.Clinical Dysmorphology: October 1993 Article: PDF Only Buy Abstract MASA syndrome include mental retardation, adducted thumbs, shuffling and aphasia or speech delay. MASA syndrome, X-linked hydrocephalus and X-linked spastic paraplegia have been linked to the same markers on Xq28 and perhaps represent variation in the clinical expression of the gene or manifestations of different mutant alleles. The present family includes five males in two generations with borderline to mild mental retardation (5/5), speech delay (5/5), adducted thumbs (2/5) and marked hydrocephalus (1/5). Of these males, four were evaluated by MRI or CT scan and all four were determined to have partial to complete agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC). DNA studies confirm linkage to Xq28 probe St14 (DXS52) with a lod score of 2.86 and no recombination. It is not known if X-linked ACC is linked to the same Xq28 region. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.