Mechanisms Underlying Contact Lens-Related Keratitis Caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa : Eye & Contact Lens

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Mechanisms Underlying Contact Lens-Related Keratitis Caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Suzuki, Takashi M.D., Ph.D.; Inoue, Hidenori M.D.

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Eye & Contact Lens: Science & Clinical Practice 48(3):p 134-137, March 2022. | DOI: 10.1097/ICL.0000000000000880


Infectious keratitis is a severe complication associated with contact lens (CL) wear, and can progress rapidly with suppurative infiltration, resulting in the loss of vision. Contact lens wearers with poor and improper care are susceptible to develop infectious keratitis. Gram-negative bacilli such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, have an ability to form biofilms on CL cases and CLs. Moreover, P. aeruginosa has various virulence factors such as type III secretion system (TTSS) which is an important factor for pathogenicity in keratitis. The effector proteins of TTSS have been identified, namely ExoU, ExoS, ExoT, and ExoY. Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains with ExoU show resistance to disinfection. The strains isolated from CL-related keratitis have higher ExoU gene positivity. Expression of elastase and swarming motility of P. aeruginosa isolates significantly correlates with focus size of keratitis. In addition to education of lens care for the CL wearer, development of CL cleaning solutions targeting suppression of virulence factors are needed for prevention of CL-related keratitis in the future.

© 2021 Contact Lens Association of Ophthalmologists

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