To investigate the effect of compression factor on visual performance in orthokeratology (ortho-k).
Myopic adults were fitted with ortho-k lenses with either a 0.75 diopter (D) or 1.75 D compression factor. Higher-order aberrations (HOAs), corneal topography, and responses to the National Eye Institute/Refractive Error Quality of Life Instrument-42 questionnaire were measured at baseline and 6-month and 12-month follow-up along with a satisfaction questionnaire. Subjective refraction, high-contrast, and low-contrast visual acuity were measured at baseline and 1-day, 1-week, 6-month, and 12-month follow-up.
Forty-four myopic (mean spherical equivalent refraction: −3.66±0.84 D) adults (median age 25 years) completed the 12-month follow-up. After ortho-k lens wear, levels of satisfaction of vision after waking were significantly higher than vision before sleep for both compression factors (both P<0.01). The increased compression factor (ICF) resulted in less myopia at the 1-week visit (P=0.04) and better high-contrast unaided visual acuity at the 1-day visit (P=0.03) compared with the conventional compression factor (CCF). No other significant differences were observed for the compression factor for treatment zone diameter, lens decentration, or any subjective measurements. Individual HOA terms , , , and were significantly higher in the CCF group (0.75 D) (all P<0.05). The HOA visual Strehl ratio decreased significantly after lens wear (P<0.001) but did not vary with the compression factor.
An ICF did not result in clinically significant differences in subjective refraction, visual acuity, unaided vision, or the total ocular HOA profile compared with a CCF (0.75 D) in myopic adults after long-term ortho-k lens wear.