OTX-101 (CEQUA™) is approved in the United States for treatment of keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS). This pooled analysis of 2 studies (phase 2b/3 and phase 3) evaluates the efficacy and safety of OTX-101 0.09% in the intent-to-treat (ITT) population and the subgroup of patients with a baseline Schirmer score less than 10 mm.
In these randomized, multicenter, double-masked, vehicle-controlled studies, patients received 1 drop of either OTX-101 or vehicle in both eyes twice daily. A Schirmer's test was performed at baseline and day 84/early discontinuation. Symptom Assessment iN Dry Eye (SANDE) scores and adverse events were monitored at each visit.
The pooled analysis included 523 and 525 patients randomized to OTX-101 0.09% and vehicle, respectively. In the ITT population, 16.6% of eyes receiving OTX-101 and 9.0% of eyes receiving vehicle showed a day 84 increase in Schirmer score ≥10 mm from baseline (P<0.0001). In the subgroup with Schirmer score less than 10 mm at baseline, 18.7% and 10.2% of eyes receiving OTX-101 and vehicle, respectively, exhibited this outcome (P=0.0001). The mean (SD) percent change from baseline in global SANDE scores on day 84 in the ITT population was −29.0% (39.0%) and −30.4% (39.5%) for OTX-101 and vehicle groups, respectively. In the subgroup, the mean (SD) percent change was −27.3% (39.7%) and −31.4% (38.3%) for OTX-101 and vehicle groups, respectively. Adverse events were mostly mild to moderate.
OTX-101 improved tear production compared with vehicle. Both OTX-101 and vehicle showed improved SANDE scores over baseline. OTX-101 was well tolerated in patients with KCS.