To evaluate the clinical findings and ocular surface changes in patients with ankylosing spondylitis
This prospective study involved 45 patients with AS (group 1) and 28 healthy subjects (group 2). Patients in group 1 were in the inactive period. The study subjects underwent a complete ophthalmic examination. The right eyes of the subjects in each group were tested for the study including slit-lamp examination, Schirmer I test, tear break-up time (TBUT), conjunctival impression cytology
(CIC), and ocular surface disease index (OSDI
). Results between the two groups were compared.
The mean Schirmer I test result was found as 12.2±8 mm in group 1 and 20.3±9.9 mm in group 2 (P
<0.001), whereas the mean TBUT value was found as 3.8±1.9 sec in group 1 and 10.1±4.8 sec in group 2 (P
<0.001). The OSDI
scores were significantly higher in group 1 (36.5±19.4) than in group 2 (9.1±12.9, P
<0.001). The CIC scores were significantly higher in group 1 (2.12±0.7) than in group 2 (0.57±0.6, P
<0.001). Notably, none of the patients in group 1 showed grade 0 differentiation, and none of the patients in group 2 showed grade 2 or 3 differentiation. The CIC scores were significantly higher in group 1 (2.12±0.7) than in group 2 (0.57±0.6, P
Ocular surface changes, including squamous metaplasia in the bulbar conjunctiva, can be observed in patients with AS.