To determine the effect of 8 different lens materials on polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB) concentration in multipurpose solution (MPS) levels over time and to determine the effect of lenses on lens solution microbial efficacy over time.
Silicone hydrogel lenses and conventional hydrogel lenses were soaked in polypropylene lens cases filled with contact lens MPS containing 1 ppm PHMB for 6, 12, 24, 72, and 168 hours. Cases filled with the same solution without lenses were controls. After each time period, solutions from cases with the 8 types of lenses and controls were assayed for activity against Staphylococcus aureus according to International Organization for Standardization-14729 with modifications. Solutions were analyzed for PHMB concentration at each time point.
Some of the different lens materials significantly affected the PHMB concentration (P<0.0001) and the biocidal efficacy. Etafilcon A lenses significantly decreased PHMB levels after only 6 hours of lens soak time. The product lot of MPS used was also significant (P<0.0001). Enfilcon A, senofilcon A, and lotrafilcon B lenses did not significantly decrease PHMB levels.
The efficacy of MPS was affected by some lens materials and PHMB concentration. Lens materials differ in their effect on PHMB concentration and the subsequent efficacy of the MPS. Over time, some lens materials can significantly reduce the PHMB concentration and the MPS's microbial activity against S. aureus.