*Department of Sports Medicine, Crystal Run Healthcare, Newburgh, New York;
†Department of Medicine, RWJBarnabas Health, Primary Care Sports Medicine, New Brunswick, New Jersey;
‡Rutgers-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, New Jersey;
§Department of Physiatry, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York;
¶Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York;
‖Department of Athletic Medicine, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey; and
**Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital, Cardiovascular Disease and Hypertension Division of the Medical Service, New Brunswick, New Jersey.
Corresponding Author: Justin Conway, MD, Crystal Run Healthcare, 1200 Route 300, Newburgh, NY 12550 ([email protected]).
A. Altobelli is a member of the Speakers Bureau for Novartis Pharmaceuticals and Janssen Pharmaceuticals. The remaining authors report no conflicts of interest.
All authors contributed to the study conception and design, data collection, and interpretation. J. J. Conway, J. Krystofiak, K. Quirologico, and M. Putukian analyzed the data and drafted the manuscript. All authors provided revisions and contributed to the final manuscript.
This study was approved by the Princeton University Institutional Review Board (Protocol # 6381).