To identify relationships between self-reported limb preferences and performance measures for determining limb dominance in adolescent female basketball players.
Cross-sectional cohort study.
Forty adolescent female basketball players.
Independent Variables and Main Outcome Measures:
Participants provided self-reported preferred kicking and jumping limbs, then completed 3 trials of a single-limb countermovement hop (HOPVER) and unilateral triple hop for distance (HOPHOR) on each limb. Each test was used to independently define limb dominance by the limb that produced the largest maximum vertical height and horizontal distance, respectively.
Chi-square tests for independence identified a significant relationship between self-reported preferred kicking and jumping legs (χ2 = 7.41, P = 0.006). However, no significant relationships were found when comparing self-reported preference to measures of performance during the HOPHOR (χ2 = 0.33, P = 0.57) or HOPVER (χ2 = 0.06, P = 0.80). In addition, the 2 performance measures did not consistently produce the same definition of limb dominance among individuals (χ2 = 1.52, P = 0.22).
Self-selection of the dominant limb is unrelated to performance. Furthermore, limb dominance, as defined by vertical jump height, is unrelated to limb dominance defined by horizontal jump distance. The results of this study call into question the validity of consistently defining limb dominance by self-reported measures in adolescent female basketball players.