To determine the prevalence of self-reported 1-year injury history and examine its association with preparticipation evaluation components aimed at predicting future injury risk (PPE-IP) among preprofessional ballet and contemporary dancers.
Preprofessional ballet school, university contemporary dance program.
Full-time preprofessional ballet and contemporary dancers.
Preparticipation evaluation consisted of the Athletic Coping Skills Inventory-28, body mass index, total bone mineral density, ankle range of motion, active standing turnout, lumbopelvic control, unipedal dynamic balance, and Y-Balance test.
Self-reported 1-year history of dance-related medical attention and/or time-loss injury.
A total of 155 ballet [n = 90, 80 females, median age 15 years (range 11-19)] and contemporary [n = 65, 63 females, median age 20 years (range 17-30)] dancers participated. Forty-six percent (95% confidence interval (CI), 38.4-54.6) reported a 1-year injury history. Self-reported injury history was not associated with any PPE-IP, however, an influence of age and psychological coping skills on the relationship between 1-year injury history and PPE-IP was identified. Multivariable analyses revealed that prevalence of 1-year injury history did not differ by age [referent group <15 years; 15-18 years: odds ratio (OR) 0.80 (95% CI, 0.35-1.79); >18 years: OR 0.69 (95% CI, 0.30-1.56)], or level of psychological coping skills [OR 1.35 (95% CI, 0.61-2.94)].
The prevalence of self-reported 1-year injury history among preprofessional ballet and contemporary dancers is high. Although measures of PPE-IP did not differ based on injury history, it is important that age and psychological coping skills are considered in future dance injury prevention and prediction research.
Level 3 evidence.
*Sport Injury Prevention Research Centre, Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada;
†Department of Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada;
‡Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada;
§Glen Sather Sports Medicine Clinic, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada; and
¶Department of Pediatrics, Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute for Child and Maternal Health, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.
Corresponding Author: Sarah J. Kenny, PhD, 2500 University Dr. NW Calgary, AB, Canada, T2N 1N4 (email@example.com).
The Sport Injury Prevention Research Centre is supported by an International Olympic Committee Research Centre Award. S. J. Kenny is funded by a Talisman Energy Research Fund in Healthy Living and Optimizing Health Outcomes. C. A. Emery holds a Chair in Pediatric Rehabilitation Alberta Children's Hospital Foundation.
This work was presented at the 35th Annual Symposium of the Performing Arts Medicine Association held in Snowmass, Colorado, on July 1, 2017.
The authors report no conflicts of interest.
Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Web site (www.cjsportmed.com).
The study protocol was approved by the Conjoint Health Research Ethics Board at the University of Calgary, Canada.
Received January 16, 2017
Accepted July 22, 2017