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Low Back Pain in Young Basketball and Floorball Players

Pasanen, Kati PT, PhD; Rossi, Marleena PT, MSc; Parkkari, Jari MD, PhD; Kannus, Pekka MD, PhD; Heinonen, Ari PT, PhD; Tokola, Kari MSc; Myklebust, Grethe PT, PhD

Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: September 2016 - Volume 26 - Issue 5 - p 376–380
doi: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000000263
Original Research

Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of low back pain (LBP) in young female and male basketball and floorball players.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: Nine basketball teams and 9 floorball teams from Tampere city district, Finland.

Participants: Four hundred one young female and male players (mean age: 15.8 ± 1.9 years).

Assessment of Risk Factors: Age, gender, sport, and family history of musculoskeletal disorders were assessed as risk factors for LBP. Adjustment was made on team level to avoid random effects associated with a team.

Main Outcome Measures: Information of players' background factors and LBP episodes was collected by a structured questionnaire.

Results: Forty-four percentage of the basketball players and 62% of floorball players had suffered from LBP during the previous 12 months. Prevalence of LBP during the previous year was significantly higher among floorball players (P = 0.001). In both sports, prevalence of pain symptoms was the highest during the competitive playing season. Family history of musculoskeletal disorders [OR (odds ratio), 2.02, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.22-3.34] and higher age (OR, 1.22, 95% CI, 1.05-1.41) were associated with LBP in players.

Conclusions: The study attested that LBP is a relatively common complaint in young team sport players. Targeted measures to examine causes, risk factors, and prevention of LBP in youth sports are needed.

*Tampere Research Center of Sports Medicine, UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, Tampere, Finland;

Injury and Osteoporosis Research Center, UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, Tampere, Finland;

Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland; and

§Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Department of Sports Sciences, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.

Corresponding Author: Kati Pasanen, PT, PhD, Tampere Research Center of Sports Medicine, UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, PO BOX 30, 33501 Tampere, Finland (

The study project was funded by the Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture and the Medical Research Fund of Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland.

None of the authors have received personal grants or honoraria from the Ministry of Education & the Medical Research Fund. The Tampere Research Center of Sports Medicine received funding from above mentioned parties for data collection costs of this study.

Received August 28, 2014

Accepted June 23, 2015

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