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An 18-Year Review of Sports Groin Injuries in the Elite Hockey Player: Clinical Presentation, New Diagnostic Imaging, Treatment, and Results

Brown, Rea A MD*; Mascia, Anthony MD; Kinnear, Douglas G MD*; Lacroix, Vincent MD*; Feldman, Liane MD*; Mulder, David S MD*

Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: May 2008 - Volume 18 - Issue 3 - p 221-226
doi: 10.1097/JSM.0b013e318172831a
Original Research

Objective: This is a retrospective study of 98 hockey players who underwent 107 surgical explorations for refractory lower abdominal and groin pain that prevented them from playing hockey at an elite level.

Design: Retrospective chart review combined with a complete follow-up examination and questionnaire.

Setting: The players were treated in an ambulatory care university tertiary care centre.

Patients: A total of 98 elite hockey players underwent 107 surgical groin explorations for intractable groin pain preventing their play. Follow-up was 100%.

Intervention: Each player had repair of a tear of the external oblique muscle and fascia reinforced by a Goretex mesh. The ilioinguinal nerve was resected in each patient.

Outcome Measures: There was absence of groin pain on the return to play hockey at an elite level.

Results: In all, 97 of 98 players returned to play after the surgical procedures. No morbidity was attributed to division of the ilioinguinal nerve.

Conclusions: Surgical exploration of the involved groin with repair of the torn external oblique muscle and division of the ilioinguinal nerve has resulted in resolution of refractory groin pain and return to play in the elite hockey player. The surgical procedure is associated with a low morbidity. Recent observations on dynamic ultrasound show promise in accurately diagnosing this injury.

From the *Montreal General Hospital, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec; †Diagnostic Imaging Department, Humber River Regional Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Submitted for publication October 31, 2007; accepted February 27, 2008.

Reprints: David S. Mulder, MD, The Montreal General Hospital, McGill University Health Centre, 1650 Cedar Avenue, Room L9.512, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3G 1A4 (e-mail:

© 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.