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Does Exogenous Growth Hormone Improve Athletic Performance?

Dean, Heather MD

Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: July 2002 - Volume 12 - Issue 4 - p 250-253
Thematic Articles

Objective To conduct a critical appraisal of the literature to address the question of whether human growth hormone (HGH) improves performance in trained athletes.

Data Sources Used PubMed using the search terms of “growth hormone athletes” and the reference lists of previous reviews of the subject.

Study Selection Randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study of exogenous HGH on muscle power in trained athletes. Only one study matched the search criteria.

Conclusion There is no evidence of increased muscle strength with HGH in trained athletes.

Section of Pediatric Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Accepted March 3, 2002.

Address correspondence to Dr. Heather Dean, Section of Pediatric Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Children's Hospital of Winnipeg, FE 319–685 William Ave., Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3E 0Z2. E-mail:

© 2002 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.