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Evidence-Based Review of Sport-Related Concussion: Clinical Science

Johnston, Karen M. MD, PhD*; McCrory, Paul MBBS, PhD, MSc; Mohtadi, Nicholas G. MD; Meeuwisse, Willem MD, PhD

Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: July 2001 - Volume 11 - Issue 3 - p 150-159
Thematic Articles

The clinical nature of sport-related concussion is discussed in this paper. Particularly highlighted are the difficulties with definition, injury severity grading, classification, and understanding of clinical symptoms. In addition, the well-recognized sequelae of concussion including the motor and convulsive manifestations are discussed in detail. Where possible, an evidence-based approach is adopted to assist the understanding of the literature in this complex area.

*Department of Neurosurgery, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; †Centre for Sports Medicine Research & Education, and Brain Research Institute, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; and ‡University of Calgary, Sport Medicine Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

Address correspondence to Paul McCrory, mbbs, PhD , 31 Grosvenor Parade, Balwyn, Victoria 3101, Australia. E-mail: pmccrory@

© 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.