1Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida
2Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah
3Renal Section, Veterans Affairs Salt Lake City Healthcare System, Salt Lake City, Utah
4Department of Quantitative Health Sciences, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio
5Department of Medicine, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio
6Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
7Department of Medicine, W.G. (Bill) Hefner Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Salisbury, North Carolina
8Vascular Surgery Section, Malcom Randall Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Gainesville, Florida
Correspondence: Dr. Alfred K. Cheung, Division of Nephrology & Hypertension, University of Utah, 295 Chipeta Way, Room 4000, Salt Lake City, UT 84108. Email: [email protected]
*Hemodialysis Fistula Maturation (HFM) Study Group: Chair, Steering Committee, University of Pennsylvania: H. Feldman; Clinical Centers, Boston University: L. Dember (principal investigator [PI]), A. Farber, J. Kaufman, L. Stern, P. LeSage, C. Kivork, D. Soares, M. Malikova; University of Alabama: M. Allon (PI), C. Young, M. Taylor, L. Woodard, K. Mangadi; University of Cincinnati: P. Roy-Chaudhury (PI), R. Munda, T. Lee, R. Alloway, M. El-Khatib, T. Canaan, A. Pflum, L. Thieken, B. Campos-Naciff; University of Florida: T. Huber (PI), S. Berceli, M. Jansen, G. McCaslin, Y. Trahan; University of Texas Southwestern: M. Vazquez (PI), W. Vongpatanasin, I. Davidson, C. Hwang, T. Lightfoot, C. Livingston, A. Valencia, B. Dolmatch, A. Fenves, N. Hawkins; University of Utah: A. Cheung (PI), L. Kraiss, D. Kinikini, G. Treiman, D. Ihnat, M. Sarfati, I. Lavasani, M. Maloney, L. Schlotfeldt; University of Washington: J. Himmelfarb (PI), C. Buchanan, C. Clark, C. Crawford, J. Hamlett, J. Kundzins, L. Manahan, J. Wise; Data Coordinating Center, Cleveland Clinic: G. Beck (PI), J. Gassman, T. Greene, P. Imrey, L. Li, J. Alster, M. Li, J. MacKrell, M. Radeva, B. Weiss, K. Wiggins; histology core facility, University of Washington: C. Alpers (PI), K. Hudkins, T. Wietecha; US core facility, University of Alabama at Birmingham: M. Robbin (PI), H. Umphrey, L. Alexander, C. Abts, L. Belt; vascular function core facility, Boston University: J. Vita (PI, deceased), N. Hamburg (PI). M. Duess, A. Levit; National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) biosample repository, Fisher BioServices: H. Higgins, S. Ke, O. Mandaci, C. Snell; NIDDK DNA repository, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center: J. Gravley, S. Behnken, R. Mortensen; External Expert Panel: G. Chertow (Chair), A. Besarab, K. Brayman, M. Diener-West, D. Harrison, L. Inker, T. Louis, W. McClellan, J. Rubin; NIDDK: J. Kusek, R. Star.
Y.H. and Y.-T.S. contributed equally to this work.
Published online ahead of print. Publication date available at www.cjasn.org.
See related editorial, “Pathophysiology of Arteriovenous Fistula Maturation and Nonmaturation,” on pages 8–10.