Moving Points in NephrologyCardiorenal Syndrome Ultrafiltration Therapy for Heart Failure—Trials and TribulationsKazory, Amir Author Information Division of Nephrology, Hypertension, and Renal Transplantation, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida Correspondence: Dr. Amir Kazory, Division of Nephrology, Hypertension, and Renal Transplantation, University of Florida, College of Medicine, 1600 SW Archer Road, Gainesville, FL 32610-0224. Email: [email protected] Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 8(10):p 1816-1828, October 07, 2013. | DOI: 10.2215/CJN.02910313 Buy Metrics Abstract Summary Heart failure remains the leading cause of hospitalization in older patients and is considered a growing public health problem with a significant financial burden on the health care system. The suboptimal efficacy and safety profile of diuretic-based therapeutic regimens coupled with unsatisfactory results of the studies on novel pharmacologic agents have positioned ultrafiltration on the forefront as an appealing therapeutic option for patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). In recent years, substantial interest in the use of ultrafiltration has been generated due to the advent of dedicated portable devices and promising results of trials focusing both on mechanistic and clinical aspects of this therapeutic modality. This article briefly reviews the proposed benefits of ultrafiltration therapy in the setting of ADHF and summarizes the major findings of the currently available studies in this field. The results of more recent trials on cardiorenal syndrome that present a counterpoint to previous observations and highlight certain limitations of ultrafiltration therapy are then discussed, followed by identification of major challenges and unanswered questions that could potentially hinder its more widespread use. Future studies are warranted to shed light on less well characterized aspects of ultrafiltration therapy and to further define its role in ADHF and cardiorenal syndrome. Copyright © 2013 The Authors. Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.