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Neighborhood Perceptions Associated with Gambling Outcomes

Monson, Eva, PhD1; Kairouz, Sylvia, PhD2; Fleury, Marie-Josée, PhD3,4; Caron, Jean, PhD3,4

Canadian Journal of Addiction: December 2018 - Volume 9 - Issue 4 - p 42–49
doi: 10.1097/CXA.0000000000000035
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
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Objectives: Within the field of gambling research, an emerging body of literature has begun to examine the associations between neighborhood context and gambling outcomes (i.e., gambling participation and problems). Previous research has been heavily focused on objective measures of neighborhood influence with few studies examining subjective (i.e., perceived) neighborhood attributes as they relate to gambling outcomes. This study aimed to expand knowledge of the effects of neighborhood characteristics on gambling patterns and problems.

Methods: Using data derived from the fourth wave of an epidemiological community sample (n = 1862), this study explores the associations between perceived neighborhood contextual factors and gambling participation and problems.

Results: Our findings reveal that community participation was positively related to gambling participation, even after accounting for control variables (i.e., sex and social support). Perceived neighborhood disorder was positively associated with problem gambling.

Conclusions: Findings highlight the importance of looking beyond individual risk factors for gambling outcomes. Population-based interventions for gambling problems may benefit from understanding how neighborhood contexts come into play.

1Addiction Unit, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Université de Sherbrooke, Longueuil, Quebec, Canada

2Department of Anthropology and Sociology, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

3Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

4Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Corresponding Author: Eva Monson, Addiction Unit, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Université de Sherbrooke, 150, place Charles-Le Moyne, Longueuil, QC, Canada J4K 0A8. Tel: +1 450 463 1835, poste 61727; fax: +1 450 463 6594, E-mail: eva.monson@usherbrooke.ca

The authors report no conflicts of interest.

Sources of Funding: EM received postdoctoral salary support from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), the Fonds de recherché du Québec—Santé (FRQ-S), and the Research Chair on Gambling Studies. SK is the holder of the Research Chair on Gambling Studies which is funded by the Fonds de recherché du Québec—Société et culture (FRQ-SC). M-JF and JC received support from CIHR for this project.

© 2018 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.
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