FEATURESThe Purpose of Bedside Robots Exploring the Needs of Inpatients and Healthcare ProfessionalsLee, Hyeongsuk PhD, RN; Piao, Meihua PhD, RN; Lee, Jisan PhD, RN; Byun, Ahjung MSN, RN; Kim, Jeongeun PhD, RNAuthor Information Author Affiliations: Research Institute of Nursing Science (Dr Kim) and College of Nursing, Seoul National University (Drs Kim, H. Lee, and Piao, and Ms Byun); and College of Life & Health Sciences, Hoseo University (Dr J. Lee), South Korea. This material is based upon work supported by the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE, Korea) under Industrial Technology Innovation Program (no. 10063098, “Telepresence Robot System Development for the Support of POC (Point of Care) Service Associated With ICT Technology”). The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article. Corresponding author: Jeongeun Kim, PhD, RN, College of Nursing, Seoul National University Research Institute of Nursing Science, 103 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 03080, Korea (email@example.com). Online date: September 13, 2019 CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: January 2020 - Volume 38 - Issue 1 - p 8–17 doi: 10.1097/CIN.0000000000000558 Buy Metrics Abstract Robotic systems are used to support inpatients and healthcare professionals and to improve the efficiency and quality of nursing. There is a lack of scientific literature on how applied robotic systems can be used to support inpatients. This study uses surveys and focus group interviews to identify the necessary aspects and functions of bedside robots for inpatients. A total of 90 healthcare professionals and 108 inpatients completed the questionnaire, and four physicians and five nurses participated in the focus group interviews. The most highly desired functionalities were related to patient care and monitoring, including alerting staff, measuring vital signs, and sensing falls. Nurses and physicians reported different needs for human-robot interaction. Nurses valued robotic functions such as nonverbal expression recognition, automatic movement, content suggestion, and emotional expressions. The results of the patients' open-ended questions and healthcare professionals' focus groups indicate that the purpose of the robots should primarily be treatment and nursing. Participants believe bedside robots would be helpful but have concerns regarding safety and utility. This study attempts to determine which aspects of robots may increase their acceptance. Our findings suggest that if robots are used in healthcare institutions, they may improve the effectiveness of care. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.