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Developing and Pilot Testing an Integrated Technology–Moderated Institutional Health Promotion Model Using Operational Research Approach

Joseph-Shehu, Elizabeth M. MSc, RN; Ncama, Busisiwe P. PhD, RN; Irinoye, Omolola PhD, RN

CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: October 2019 - Volume 37 - Issue 10 - p 532–540
doi: 10.1097/CIN.0000000000000556
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The study aimed to develop and pilot test an Integrated Technology–Moderated Institutional Health Promotion Model for university staff in Nigeria. An operational research approach using mixed concurrent design was adopted to develop the model, and pretest-posttest method was used to evaluate the utilization and effectiveness of the developed model. The participants in the study were university staff. Health-promoting lifestyle behavior and health status were measured via the adapted Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II instrument. The emerging model (an Integrated Technology–Moderated Institutional Health Promotion Model, which is an Android phone app named Tertiary Staff Health Promotion App) was deployed. Data were collected before and 12 weeks after the app deployment. The quantitative and qualitative data findings were combined to develop an integrated technology–moderated institutional health promotion model as a means to enhance health-promoting lifestyle behavior and health status of staff. The result of the pilot testing of the model showed that the model enhances health-promoting lifestyle behaviors and improves the health status of staff. Nurses, especially in community/public health nursing practice, can provide innovative interventions to drive and enhance health-promoting lifestyle behavior and improve health status of workers and other population groups through effective use of information and communication technology.

Author Affiliations: School of Nursing and Public Health, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa (Ms Joseph-Shehu and Dr Ncama); and Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, National Open University of Nigeria, Abuja (Ms Joseph-Shehu); and Department of Nursing Science, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun (Dr Irinoye), Nigeria.

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

Corresponding author: Elizabeth M. Joseph-Shehu, MSc, RN, Department of Nursing Science, National Open University of Nigeria, Plot 91, Cadastral Zone, University Village, Jabi, Abuja (ejoseph-shehu@noun.edu.ng; lizjoe26@gmail.com).

Online date: August 23, 2019

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