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Data Mining for Adverse Drug Events

Impact on Six Learning Styles

Thorlton, Janet, PhD, MS, RN; Catlin, Ann Christine, MS

CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: May 2019 - Volume 37 - Issue 5 - p 250–259
doi: 10.1097/CIN.0000000000000513

Emerging technologies and big data influence the role of nurses, calling for new ways of thinking and teaching. Innovative educational methods are needed to prepare students for providing evidence-based care in today's complex healthcare environment. Active learning methods appeal to tech-savvy, self-directed learners who desire instant results during the learning process. The aim of this pretest/posttest study was to evaluate the impact of active learning methods on student attitudes and feelings, using the Grasha-Riechmann Student Learning Style Scale. Results were used to tailor active learning interventions using Twitter and Federal Adverse Event Reporting System data, for a research and evidence-based practice nursing course. Participants (N = 126) evaluated tweets describing adverse drug events and their concordance with federal reporting system data. Paired-samples t test results revealed significant differences (P < .05) between pretest/posttest for five of the six learning style preferences. Active learning methods resulted in high levels of student engagement and satisfaction. Data mining as an active learning intervention is popular with learners and offers a quick, valuable way to reveal real-world adverse drug event experiences while introducing basic research principles.

Author Affiliations: Department of Health Systems Science, College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago (Dr Thorlton); and Rosen Center for Advanced Computing, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN (Ms Catlin).

Corresponding author: Janet Thorlton, PhD, MS, RN, Department of Health Systems Science, College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, 625 South Wright St, MC 313, Champaign, IL 61820 (

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

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