Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was first described in 1967 by Ashbaugh and colleagues. Acute respiratory distress syndrome is a clinical syndrome, not a disease, and has no ideal definition or gold standard diagnostic test. There are multiple causes and different pathways of pathogenesis as well as various histological findings. Given these variations, there are many clinical entities that can get confused with ARDS. These entities are discussed in this article as “Mimics of ARDS.” It imperative to correctly identify ARDS and distinguish it from other diseases to implement correct management strategy.
Division of Pulmonary Critical Care, Allegheny General Hospital, Allegheny Health Network, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Drs Patel, Rabold, Malik, Adurty, and Cheema); and Internal Medicine Residency, Department of Medicine, Allegheny General Hospital, Allegheny Health Network, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Dr Baltaji).
Correspondence: Kaushal Patel, MD, Division of Pulmonary Critical Care, Allegheny General Hospital, Allegheny Health Network, 320 E North Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15212 (email@example.com).
The authors of this manuscript have no disclosures to report.