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Effect of Interventional Educational Programs on Intensive Care Nurses' Perception, Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice About Physical Restraints

A Pre-/Postclinical Trial

Ahmadi, Mohamad, MSN; Bagheri-Saweh, Mohammad Iraj, MSN; Nouri, Bijan, PhD; Mohamadamini, Omid, MSN; Valiee, Sina, PhD

doi: 10.1097/CNQ.0000000000000244
Original Articles

The article reports results of an educational program designed to modify negative attitudes of intensive care nurses regarding the use of physical restraints. Findings revealed that increased knowledge about appropriate utilization of various types of restraints positively impacted perceptions, attitudes, and patient care practices. Authors also explore restraint use in several countries and identify variations in use of restraining methods.

Student Research Committee (Mr Ahmadi), Clinical Care Research Center (Mr Bagheri-Saweh and Dr Valiee), Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development (Dr Nouri), and Salahuddin Ayyubi Hospital (Mr Mohamadamini), Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.

Correspondence: Sina Valiee, PhD, Clinical Care Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Pasdaran St, 66177-13446, Sanandaj, Kurdistan, Iran (

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

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