Nurses play a vital role in preventing and detecting pressure ulcers within an intensive care unit. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of an empowerment program on nurses' ability to visually determine the stage of a pressure ulcer. This study was a nonrandomized clinical trial involving an intervention group and a control group. Prior to the empowerment program, data indicated that there was a significant deficit in the ability of nurses in both groups to accurately determine the stage of a pressure ulcer. Following the empowerment program, the mean scores of nurses in the intervention group were significantly higher than the mean score of nurses in the control group (P ≤ .001). This study indicates that the implementation of an empowerment program can increase the ability of nurses to detect pressure ulcers and to accurately determine staging.
School of Nursing & Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran (Ms Okhovati and Dr Shariat); and School of Nursing & Midwifery, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran (Dr Esmaeili).
Correspondence: Maryam Esmaeili, PhD, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Nosrat St, Tohid Sq, Tehran, Iran (firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com).
The authors thank all of participants during the different stages of this study.
This research received funding from Tehran University of Medical Sciences.
This research project has been approved by a research ethics committee of the Tehran University of Medical Science (TUMS).
Maryam Esmaeili, Shahrbano Okhovati, and Esmaeil Shariat were responsible for the study design and data analysis. Shahrbano Okhovati performed the data collection. Maryam Esmaeili and Esmaeil Shariat made critical revisions to the article for important intellectual content.
No conflict of interest has been declared by the authors.