Evidence-Based Nusing Innovations: Original ArticlesEvidence-Based Thermoregulation for Adult Trauma PatientsBlock, Jessica MSN, RN, CEN; Lilienthal, Michele MA, RN, CEN; Cullen, Laura MA, RN, FAAN; White, Abby BSN, RNAuthor Information Department of Nursing Services and Patient Care (Mss Block, White and Cullen) and Surgery (Ms Lilienthal), University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City. Correspondence: Jessica Block, MSN, RN, CEN, Surgical Intensive Care, John Papajohn Pavillion, 200 Hawkins Dr, Iowa City, IA 52244-3070 ([email protected]). The authors thank the thermoregulation core team leaders, staff nurses, nursing assistants, unit leadership, and physician supporters from the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics' Emergency and Surgery Departments for participating in this evidence-based practice project. The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly: January/March 2012 - Volume 35 - Issue 1 - p 50-63 doi: 10.1097/CNQ.0b013e31823d3e9b Buy Metrics Abstract The purpose of this project was to develop a staff nurse–led initiative to implement and evaluate evidence-based thermoregulation care for adult trauma patients. An evidence-based practice protocol was developed and implemented, addressing varying patient needs across the spectrum of hypothermia seen in practice, serving as a guide for improving thermoregulation care in trauma patients. There were 2 key pieces to the evidence-based practice protocol. The first piece consisted of an interdisciplinary thermoregulation flowchart to provide focused care based on patient temperatures. The flowchart outlined progressive interventions for increasing hypothermia. The second piece outlined the nursing assistant role, preparing the care area before patient arrival and assisting nursing staff during trauma care. Data from staff questionnaires and patient documentation were used in a pre- and postevaluation of the practice change. Improvements were demonstrated in staff feeling better prepared to identify patients with hypothermia, treat hypothermia, and document thermal care of trauma patients. Clinically important improvement in temperature control during emergency treatment in both moderate and severe hypothermic patients were observed. Ongoing monitoring is underway to promote integration of the practice change. © 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.