ARTICLEBuilding Organizational Capacity for a Healthy Work Environment Through Role-Based Professional PracticeCornett, Patricia A. EdD, MS, RN; O'Rourke, Maria W. DNSc, RN, FAAN, CHCAuthor Information Maria W. O'Rourke, Inc., Larkspur, California (Drs Cornett and O'Rourke) and Solúcion International, Canyon Lake, Texas (Dr Cornett). Corresponding Author: Patricia A. Cornett, EdD, MS, RN, 133 Watts Lane, Canyon Lake, TX 78133 ([email protected]). Critical Care Nursing Quarterly: July 2009 - Volume 32 - Issue 3 - p 208-220 doi: 10.1097/01.CNQ.0000356819.47395.a4 Buy Metrics Abstract The professional practice of registered nurses (RNs) and their professional role competence are key variables that have an impact on quality and patient safety. Organizations in which RNs practice must have the capacity to fully support the professional role of those RNs in exercising their legitimate power derived through nurse licensing laws and professional standards and ethics. The interplay of individual RN practice and organizational practice, and measurement thereof, are the essence of organizational capacity. Two models are discussed that tie together the attributes of healthy workplace environments and provide the structure to guide and sustain organizational capacity. © 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.