ArticleThe Hidden Risk of Deep Vein Thrombosis—The Need for Risk Factor AssessmentTable 1. Venous thromboembolism risk factor assessment*Table 2. Venous thromboembolism risk and suggested prophylaxis*,†Table 3. Prophylaxis safety considerations: Check box if the answer is yes* Case ReviewsRace, Tara Kay BSN, RN, CCRN; Collier, Paul E. MDAuthor Information From the Medical Intensive Care Unit, Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pa. Corresponding author: Tara Kay Race, BSN, RN, CCRN, Medical Intensive Care Unit, Allegheny General Hospital, 320 East North Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15212 (e-mail: [email protected]). We thank Dr Joseph A. Caprini, MD, MS, FACS, RVT, for permitting the use of his DVT Assessment Tool in the preparation of Tables 1, 2, and 3 for this article, and Marilyn Hravnak, PhD, CRNP, RN, for her editing and review of this article. We also thank Dr Paul Collier, MD, for his assistance in the development and editing of this article.Table 1: Venous thromboembolism risk factor assessment*Table 2: Venous thromboembolism risk and suggested prophylaxis*,†Table 3: Prophylaxis safety considerations: Check box if the answer is yes*Critical Care Nursing Quarterly: July 2007 - Volume 30 - Issue 3 - p 245-254 doi: 10.1097/01.CNQ.0000278925.67562.f4 Buy Metrics Abstract Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a very serious, potentially fatal, and very preventable medical condition. It is important for all patients admitted to the hospital to be screened for the risk of developing a DVT. This could be easily accomplished by performing a risk factor assessment-screening tool on all patients. It is also important to educate the medical and nursing staff on the fact that all patients are at risk for developing DVT, not just surgical patients who are often believed to be at the highest risk of DVT. The implementation of the risk factor assessment could potentially save lives and reduce the hospital costs of treating and managing the complications of DVT and venous thromboembolic disease. The cases chosen for review in this article will demonstrate many risk factors that often go overlooked in nonsurgical patients. The implementation of a risk factor assessment tool could potentially aid in the recognition and appropriate prophylaxis of those patients who are at extremely high risk for DVT. Without appropriate recognition of the risk for DVT, patients may be placed at risk for DVT and the potentially fatal and/or debilitating complications associated with the development of DVT. © 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.