ArticlesAdult Respiratory Distress SyndromeKane, Cynthia MS, RN, APRN; Galanes, Susan MS, RN, APRN Author Information Suburban Lung Associates, Elk Grove Village, Ill (Ms Kane); and the Suburban Lung Associates, Winfield, Ill (Ms Galanes). Corresponding author: Cynthia Kane, MS, RN, APRN, Suburban Lung Associates, 801 Biesterfield Rd, Elk Grove Village, IL 60007. (e-mail: [email protected]). Critical Care Nursing Quarterly: October 2004 - Volume 27 - Issue 4 - p 325-335 Buy Abstract ARDS or acute respiratory distress syndrome continues to be a considerable critical care challenge. Mortality has not decreased significantly over the last more than 30 years. This article presents an overview of origin, evaluation, and treatment of ARDS. Recent findings relative to onset and precipitators of ARDS have led to changes in evaluation and treatment plans. Clinical and radiologic descriptors in assessment of the patient with ARDS are discussed. Ventilatory modes and nursing interventions to optimize patient outcomes are identified. The challenges of outcomes issues presented offer opportunities for further study. © 2004 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.