Mechanical Ventilation: What Have We Learned?Fenstermacher, Denise BSN, RN, CCRN; Hong, Dennis MD, FCCPCritical Care Nursing Quarterly: July-August-September 2004 - Volume 27 - Issue 3 - p 258–294 Original Article Buy Abstract Author InformationAuthors Mechanical ventilation is the second most frequently performed therapeutic intervention after treatment for cardiac arrhythmias in intensive care units today. Countless lives have been saved with its use despite being associated with a greater than 30% in-hospital mortality rate. As life expectancies increase and people with chronic illnesses survive longer, artificial support with mechanical ventilation is also expected to rise. In one survey, over half of senior internal medicine residents reported their training on mechanical ventilation as inadequate, whereas the majority of critical care nurses reported having received no formal education on its use. Technological advances resulting in the availability of sleeker ventilators with graphic waveform displays and new modes of ventilation have challenged the bedside clinicians to incorporate this new data along with evidenced-based research into their daily practice. A review of current thoughts on mechanical ventilation and weaning is presented. Medical Intensive Care Unit (Ms Fenstermacher) and the Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine (Dr Hong), University of Illinois Medical Center at Chicago, Chicago, Ill. Corresponding author: Denise Fenstermacher, BSN, RN, CCRN, Medical Intensive Care Unit, University of Illinois Medical Center at Chiago, 1740 W Taylor, M/C 539 Chicago, IL 60612 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org). © 2004 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.