ArticlesOsteoporosis The Dynamic Relationship Between Magnesium and Bone Mineral Density in the Heart Transplant PatientLaunius, Beatrice K. MSN, RN, ACNP, CCRN; Brown, Patricia A. RN, BSN, MBA; Cush, Eleanor M. MS, BS; Mancini, Mary C. MD, PhDAuthor Information From the Department of Surgery, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, La (Launius, Cush, Mancini) The Heart Transplant Clinic, Willis-Knighton Medical Center, Shreveport, La. (Brown) Corresponding author: Beatrice K. Launius, MSN, RN, ACNP, CCRN, 2751 Albert Bicknell Dr, Suite 1E, Shreveport, LA 71103 (e-mail: [email protected]). Critical Care Nursing Quarterly: January 2004 - Volume 27 - Issue 1 - p 96-100 Buy Abstract Osteoporosis is a common, and potentially severe, complication seen in the heart transplant recipient. Frequently there is loss of bone mineral density prior to transplant that begins the downward spiral to fractures of the femoral neck and vertebrae. Multiple factors are responsible for the development of osteoporosis posttransplant. These factors include pretransplant bone mineral loss, use of corticosteroids and cyclosporine posttransplant, and development of persistent hypomagnesemia posttransplant. This article explores the relationship of serum magnesium levels to maintenance of bone mineral density. © 2004 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.