Critical Care Research: Part 1Special Feature Exploring the Benefits and Myths of Enteral Feeding in the Critically IllSwanson, Ross W. RN, BA, CCRN; Winkelman, Chris RN, PhD, CCRNAuthor Information Clinical Instructor, Cardiothoracic Intensive Care Units, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio (Swanson) Assistant Professor, Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio (Winkelman) Critical Care Nursing Quarterly: February 2002 - Volume 24 - Issue 4 - p 67-74 Buy Abstract Patients in the intensive care unit setting have been nutritionally deprived for various reasons. Many patients who are critically ill cannot absorb nourishment by traditional routes. Enteral feeding should be considered for all patients who cannot meet caloric needs. There are many benefits to enteral feeding such as decreased infection, rapid wound healing, and decreased length of stay and mortality. Many critical care nurses subscribe to myths for not feeding their patients. The myths for not feeding critically ill patients involve gut motility, feeding residuals, and patient positioning. There is significant evidence both to support nutrition as integral to recovery from a critical illness and to suggest that enteral feeding is efficient and effective at providing nutrition. Copyright © 2002 by Aspen Publishers, Inc.