Article: PDF OnlyDelametter Gretchen L. MSN RN PCCNP CCRNCritical Care Nursing Quarterly: February 1999 - p 16-21 Buy Abstract Advanced practice nursing, since its inception in the early 1960s, has constantly changed in an effort to establish standardized core graduate education, specialization of practice, and autonomy, now common in the 1990s. Nurse practitioners, nurse midwives, and certified registered nurse anesthetists have followed in the footsteps of the clinical nurse specialist by enhancing their practice through advanced education. Nurses in these advanced areas are graduating from established programs with a master's of science in nursing and a specialty in their chosen field. The pediatric critical care nurse practitioner is one such specialty. This article highlights the results of a national survey that described pediatric critical care nurse practitioner practice over a broad geographic area. With change as a constant, nurses will look to the future of advanced practice roles, which are ever changing, and continue to provide safe, quality care to patients. © 1999 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.