50th Anniversary ArticlesInternational Critical Care—From an Indulgence of the Best-Funded Healthcare Systems to a Core Need for the Provision of Equitable CareLumb, Philip D. MD1; Adler, Diane C. RN, PhD2; Al Rahma, Hussain MD3; Amin, Pravin MD4; Bakker, Jan PhD, MD5; Bhagwanjee, Satish MD6; Du, Bin MD7; Bryan-Brown, Christopher W. MD8; Dobb, Geoffrey MB, BS9; Gingles, Bruce AB10; Jacobi, Judith PharmD11; Koh, Younsuck MD12; Razek, Assem Abdel MD13; Peden, Carol MD1; Shrestha, Gentle S. MD14; Shukri, Khalid MD15; Singer, Mervyn MD16; Taylor, Phil JP17; Williams, Ged RN18Author Information 1 Department of Anesthesiology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA. 2 Temple University Nursing Faculty, Philadelphia, PA. 3 Alzahra Hospital, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. 4 Bombay Hospital Institute of Medical Sciences, Bombay, India. 5 Columbia University, New York, NY. 6 Department of Anesthesiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. 7 Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China. 8 Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY. 9 Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia. 10 Retired, Cook Medical. 11 Indiana University Health, Indianapolis, IN. 12 University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea. 13 Alexandria University Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria, Egypt. 14 Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal. 15 King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia. 16 University College London, London, United Kingdom. 17 World Federation of Intensive and Critical Care (WFICC). 18 World Federation of Critical Care Nurses. Dr. Amin received funding from CIPLA LTD, Sanofi, and Pfizer. Dr. Bhagwanjee’s institution received funding from the Food and Drug Administration. Mr. Gingles received funding from Cook Medical. Dr. Jacobi received funding from La Jolla Pharmacists, Pfizer, AcelRx, and Society of Critical Care Medicine. Dr. Peden received funding from the American College of Surgeons and the Institute for Healthcare Improvement. Dr. Singer’s institution received funding from Critical Pressure, NewB, Biomerieux, Baxter, Fresenius, Biotest, Roche, and Nestle. Mr. Taylor received funding from the World Federation of Intensive and Critical Care. The remaining authors have disclosed that they do not have any potential conflicts of interest. For information regarding this article, E-mail: [email protected] Critical Care Medicine: October 2021 - Volume 49 - Issue 10 - p 1589-1605 doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000005188 Buy Metrics Copyright © 2021 by the Society of Critical Care Medicine and Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All Rights Reserved.