1 Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
2 Department of Intensive Care, Royal North Shore Hospital, Northern Sydney Local Health District, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
3 Nursing and Midwifery Directorate, Northern Sydney Local Health District, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
4 University of Canberra and ACT Health Directorate, Canberra, ACT, Australia.
Ms. Pilowsky was involved in conceptualization (lead), data curation, software and formal analysis (lead), funding acquisition (lead), and writing—original draft preparation. Dr. Elliott was involved in conceptualization (supporting), data curation and formal analysis (supporting), resources (lead), funding acquisition (supporting), writing—review and editing (equal), and supervision (supporting). Dr. Roche was involved in conceptualization (supporting), data curation and formal analysis (supporting), resources (supporting), funding acquisition (supporting), writing—review and editing (equal), and supervision (lead). All authors read and approved the final article.
Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal’s website (http://journals.lww.com/ccmjournal).
This work was also supported by a grant from the Ramsay Research and Teaching Fund Scheme.
The opinions, results, and conclusions reported in this article are those of the authors and are independent from the funding sources.
Ms. Pilowsky was supported by an Australian Government Research Training Program Scholarship, University of Technology Sydney Research Excellence Scholarship, and Ramsay Research and Teaching Fund Scheme. The remaining authors have disclosed that they do not have any potential conflicts of interest.
Data provided by Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society (ANZICS) Centre for Outcome and Resource Evaluation (CORE) for this study is not publicly available and any requests should be made to the ANZICS CORE committee. Data derived from the ICU clinical information systems are not publicly available.
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