To determine whether continuous IV infusion of molar sodium lactate would limit cardiac arrest–induced neurologic injury and cardiovascular failure.
Randomized blinded study (animal model).
University animal research facility.
Twenty-four adult male “New Zealand White” rabbits.
Anesthetized rabbits underwent 12.5 minutes of asphyxial cardiac arrest and were randomized to receive either normal saline (control group, n = 12) or molar sodium lactate (molar sodium lactate group, n = 12) at a rate of 5 mL/kg/hr during the whole 120-minute reperfusion period.
MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:
Pupillary reactivity (primary outcome), levels of S100β protein, in vitro brain mitochondria functions, cardiovascular function, and fluid balance were assessed. Molar sodium lactate reduced brain injury, with a higher proportion of animals exhibiting pupillary reactivity to light (83% vs 25% in the CTRL group, p = 0.01) and lower S100β protein levels (189 ± 42 vs 412 ± 63 pg/mL, p < 0.01) at the end of the protocol. Molar sodium lactate significantly prevented cardiac arrest–induced decrease in oxidative phosphorylation and mitochondrial calcium–retention capacity compared with controls. At 120 minutes of reperfusion, survival did not significantly differ between the groups (10/12, 83% in the molar sodium lactate group vs nine of 12, 75% in the control group; p > 0.99), but hemodynamics were significantly improved in the molar sodium lactate group compared with the control group (higher mean arterial pressure [49 ± 2 vs 29 ± 3 mm Hg; p < 0.05], higher cardiac output [108 ± 4 vs 58 ± 9 mL/min; p < 0.05], higher left ventricle surface shortening fraction [38% ± 3% vs 19% ± 3%; p < 0.05], and lower left ventricular end-diastolic pressure [3 ± 1 vs 8 ± 2 mm Hg; p < 0.01]). While fluid intake was similar in both groups, fluid balance was higher in control animals (11 ± 1 mL/kg) than that in molar sodium lactate-treated rabbits (1 ± 3 mL/kg; p < 0.01) due to lower diuresis.
Molar sodium lactate was effective in limiting the severity of the postcardiac arrest syndrome. This preclinical study opens up new perspectives for the treatment of cardiac arrest.