1Department of Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA.
2Clinical Research, Investigation, and Systems Modeling of Acute illness (CRISMA) Center, Department of Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.
3Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA.
4Sunnybrook Health Science Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.
*See also p. 907.
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Supported, in part, by a grant from the National Institutes of Health (primary investigator: Dr. Seymour, K23GM104022).
Dr. Seymour’s institution received funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIH)/National Institute of General Medical Sciences. He received funding from Beckman Coulter, Cytovale, and Edwards. He received support for article research from the NIH. Dr. Kahn’s institution received funding from U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (NIH and Health Resources & Services Administration) and Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. Dr. Callaway received support for article research from NIH. Dr. Yealy received funding from American College of Emergency Physicians (editorial stipend), Lippincott (royalties), UpToDate (royalties), Oxford University Press (royalties), and from multiple legal firms (expert opinion). Dr. Scales institution received funding from Canadian Institute for Health Research (operating grants). He received funding from Physicians’ Services Incorporated Foundation (Fellowship in Translational Health Research). Dr. Angus received funding from Bayer HealthCare, Ferring Pharmaceuticals, and GlaxoSmithKline. Dr. Martin-Gill has disclosed that he does not have any potential conflicts of interest.
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