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An Official Critical Care Societies Collaborative Statement: Burnout Syndrome in Critical Care Healthcare Professionals A Call for Action*

Moss, Marc MD; Good, Vicki S. RN, MSN, CENP, CPPS; Gozal, David MD, MBA; Kleinpell, Ruth PhD, RN, FAAN, FCCM; Sessler, Curtis N. MD, FCCP, FCCM

doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000001885
Special Article

Burnout syndrome (BOS) occurs in all types of healthcare professionals and is especially common in individuals who care for critically ill patients. The development of BOS is related to an imbalance of personal characteristics of the employee and work-related issues or other organizational factors. BOS is associated with many deleterious consequences, including increased rates of job turnover, reduced patient satisfaction, and decreased quality of care. BOS also directly affects the mental health and physical well-being of the many critical care physicians, nurses, and other healthcare professionals who practice worldwide. Until recently, BOS and other psychological disorders in critical care healthcare professionals remained relatively unrecognized. To raise awareness of BOS, the Critical Care Societies Collaborative (CCSC) developed this call to action. The present article reviews the diagnostic criteria, prevalence, causative factors, and consequences of BOS. It also discusses potential interventions that may be used to prevent and treat BOS. Finally, we urge multiple stakeholders to help mitigate the development of BOS in critical care healthcare professionals and diminish the harmful consequences of BOS, both for critical care healthcare professionals and for patients.

1Division of Pulmonary Sciences and Critical Care Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO.

2Cox Health System, Springfield, MO.

3Sections of Pediatric Sleep Medicine and Pulmonology, Department of Pediatrics, Pritzker School of Medicine, Biological Sciences Division, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL.

4Center for Clinical Research and Scholarship, Rush University Medical Center, and Rush University College of Nursing, Chicago, IL.

5Division of Pulmonary Disease and Critical Care Medicine, Virginia

Commonwealth University Health System, Medical College of Virginia Hospitals and Physicians, Richmond, VA.

*See also p. 1446.

This document was jointly developed by members of the Critical Care Societies Collaborative, which consists of the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses, the American College of Chest Physicians, the American Thoracic Society, and the Society of Critical Care Medicine.

The authors have declared that they have no potential conflicts of interest to disclose.

This official ATS/AACN/CHEST/SCCM statement is being published simultaneously in the July 1, 2016 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, and the July 2016 issues of Chest, the American Journal of Critical Care, and Critical Care Medicine.

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Copyright © by 2016 by the Society of Critical Care Medicine and Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All Rights Reserved.