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Baseline quality of life before intensive care: A comparison of patient versus proxy responses

Gifford, Jeneen M. MD; Husain, Nadia MHS; Dinglas, Victor D. BS; Colantuoni, Elizabeth PhD; Needham, Dale M. MD, PhD

doi: 10.1097/CCM.0b013e3181cd10c7
Clinical Investigations

Objective: To compare acute lung injury patients' self-reported, retrospective baseline quality of life before their intensive care hospitalization with population norms and retrospective proxy estimates.

Design: Prospective cohort study using the Short Form 36 quality-of-life survey.

Setting: Thirteen intensive care units at four teaching hospitals in Baltimore, Maryland.

Patients: One hundred thirty-six acute lung injury survivors and their designated proxies.

Interventions: Both patients and proxies were asked to estimate patient baseline quality of life before hospital admission using the Short Form 36 survey.

Measurements and Main Results: Compared with population norms, quality-of-life scores were lower in acute lung injury patients across all eight domains, but the difference was significantly greater than the minimum clinically important difference in only two of eight domains (Physical Role and General Health). The mean paired difference between patient and proxy responses revealed no clinically important difference. However, κ statistics demonstrated only fair to moderate agreement for all domains. Bland-Altman analysis revealed that, for all domains, proxies tended to overestimate quality of life when patient scores were low and underestimate the quality of life when patient scores were high.

Conclusion: Retrospective assessment of quality of life before hospitalization revealed that acute lung injury patients' scores were consistently lower than population norms, but the magnitude of this difference may not be clinically important. Proxy assessments had only fair to moderate agreement with patient assessments. Across all eight Short Form 36 quality-of-life domains, proxy responses represented an attenuation of patient quality-of-life estimates.

From Department of Internal Medicine (JMG), Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, MD; Department of Biostatistics (NH, EC), Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD; Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine (VD, DMN), Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine (EC), and Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (DMN), Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD.

Supported in part by the National Institutes of Health (Acute Lung Injury SCCOR grant P050 HL 73994). Dr. Needham is supported by a Clinician-Scientist Award from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research.

The authors have not disclosed any potential conflicts of interest.

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© 2010 by the Society of Critical Care Medicine and Lippincott Williams & Wilkins