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Survival of a 300-g infant ventilated by high-frequency oscillatory ventilation for respiratory distress syndrome

Kohelet, David MD; Arbel, Eliana MD; Shochat, Rina MD; Tavori, Irit MD


We report a case of an infant delivered before the completion of 26 wks’ gestation, weighing 300 g at birth, and treated with high-frequency oscillatory ventilation for respiratory distress syndrome. Her neurologic examination at 18 months of age is compatible with mild delay in gross and fine motor skills.

From the Department of Neonatology, The Edith Wolfson Medical Center (DK, EA, RS, IT), Holon, and The Sackler School of Medicine (DK), Tel Aviv, Israel.

Address request for reprints to: David Kohelet, MD, Department of Neonatology, Edith Wolfson Medical Center, 58 100 Holon, Israel. E-mail:

Cases, such as the one reported here, challenge our criteria for initiating the intensive care of extremely low birthweight infants.

© 2002 by the Society of Critical Care Medicine and Lippincott Williams & Wilkins