Clinical InvestigationsPlasma redox status relates to severity in critically ill patientsde Vega, José Ma Alonso MD; Díaz, Julián PhD; Serrano, Enrique MD; Carbonell, Luis F. MDAuthor Information From the Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Naval del Mediterráneo, Cartagena (Dr. Alonso de Vega), and the Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Murcia (Drs. Díaz, Serrano, Carbonell), Murcia, Spain. Supported, in part, by Fondo de Investigaciones Sanitarias de la Seguridad Social FIS 96/1631and 98/0606. Critical Care Medicine: June 2000 - Volume 28 - Issue 6 - p 1812-1814 Buy Abstract Objective To determine the relation between plasma redox status and severity of illness for patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU). Design A prospective cohort study. Setting A mixed medical and surgical adult ICU with 12 beds. Patients A total of 73 consecutive patients admitted to the ICU. Interventions Venous blood samples were routinely obtained within 24 hrs of admission. Measurements and Main Results Plasma total antioxidant capacity and lipoperoxides were measured by spectrophotometric technique at admission to the ICU. The plasma ratio total antioxidant capacity (mM)/lipoperoxides (μM) was used as an index of plasma redox status. Plasma concentration of the markers of leukocyte activation myeloperoxidase (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and polymorphonuclear-elastase (immunoactivation assay) were also measured at admission to the ICU. Analysis of correlation between plasma ratio total antioxidant capacity/lipoperoxides and APACHE III score showed a negative association (p < .001, Spearman correlation test). Myeloperoxidase and polymorphonuclear-elastase correlated positively with Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation III scores (r2 = 0.58;p < .001; and r2 = 0.05;p = .035; respectively). Conclusions Plasma redox status relates to severity in critically ill patients. We propose that it would be reasonable to provide antioxidant therapy as part of routine management of patients admitted to a mixed ICU, regardless of the specific reason for ICU admission. Plasma redox status might become useful to evaluate the risk in critically ill patients. Copyright © by 2000 by the Society of Critical Care Medicine and Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All Rights Reserved.