Several studies have demonstrated an upregulation of endothelin-1 (ET-1) synthesis in acute and chronic renal failure. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) have been shown to stimulate renal tubular cell proliferation and to accelerate renal regeneration after drug-induced and ischemia-induced renal injury. This study aimed to investigate the effect of EGF and HGF on ET-1 release, and whether the effect of EGF and HGF is antagonized by the tyrosine kinase inhibitor lavendustin A. Rabbit proximal tubule cells were incubated for 48 h with EGF or HGF (0.1-10.0 nM), lavendustin A (0.1-10.0 μM) or co-incubated with EGF or HGF (1 nM) and lavendustin A. ET-1 concentrations in the culture medium were measured with a specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). EGF and HGF exerted a significant (p < 0.001) dose-dependent inhibitory effect on ET-1 release. Lavendustin A induced a dose-dependent stimulation of ET-1 release and antagonized the inhibitory effect of EGF and HGF on ET-1 release. The inhibition of EGF and HGF receptor tyrosine kinase activity by lavendustin A was confirmed by Western blotting. These data suggest that EGF and HGF reduce ET-1 release via EGF and HGF receptor tyrosine kinase activity. The inhibitory action of EGF and HGF on ET- 1 release might be involved in mediating the protective effects of EGF and HGF in renal injury.
Institute of Clinical Chemistry, and *Department of Nephrology, University Hospital, Ulm, Germany
Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr Cornelia Haug, Institute of Clinical Chemistry, University Hospital Ulm, Robert-Koch-Strasse 8, D-89070 Ulm, Germany. E-mail: [email protected]
© 2000 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.