In order to study the roles of vasoactive peptides during tissue repair of gastric ulcers, we compared concentrations in tissue surrounding gastric ulcers of endothelin-1 (ET-1), adrenomedullin (AM), and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) among different stages of ulcer development. A total of 82 cases were studied. Ulcers were located in the gastric angulus in 51 cases. All cases were positive for Helicobacter pylori (Hp). Ten cases were in the active stage (GA), 18 were in the healing stage (GH), and 28 were in the scarring stage (GS). As control, 17 cases of Hp-positive gastritis (gast+) and 14 of Hp-negative gastritis (gast−) were studied. The concentrations of endothelin (ET) and TGF-β were in the order of GH > GA > GS, and those of AM were in the order of GS > GH > GA. On immunostaining, ET stained positively in endothelial cells and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) during the GH and GS stages, and AM stained positively in histiocytes during GA, GH and GS, and also stained positively in glandular epithelia and smooth muscle fibers during GH and GS. When our results were reviewed with respect to the regulation of vascular tonus and the proliferation of VSMCs, ET and AM were considered to have roles in the regulation of proliferation.
Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr H. Hashimoto at 2-15-1-2001 Shibuya Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 150-0002, Japan. E-mail: [email protected]
© 2000 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.