Article: PDF OnlyBarone F. C.; White, R. F.; Elliott, J. D.; Feuerstein, G. Z.; Ohlstein, E. H.Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology: 1995 - p S404-407 Free Abstract Summary: Previously, we demonstrated that cerebral focal ischemic tissue exhibits a significant increase in immunoreactive endothelin (ET). Because increased ET might exacerbate the consequences of cerebral ischemia, we evaluated the effects of the orally active ETA/B receptor antagonist SB 217242 on middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). SHRs were treated b.i.d. with vehicle or with 3 or 15 mg/kg SB 217242 p.o. for 7 days. Permanent MCAO was performed on day 7 and animals were sacrificed on day 8. Forebrains were stained and the extent of cerebral (i.e., cortical) infarction was determined using image analysis. Hemispheric swelling (%), hemispheric infarct (%), and infarct volume (mm3) were quantitated for each animal. SB 217242 treatment produced a significant decrease in ischemic brain injury. Hemispheric infarction and infarct volume were reduced after the 15 mg/kg treatment (12.0 ± 1.1% and 69 ± 6 mm3) compared to vehicle (17.3 ± 1.5% and 99 ± 8 mm3) (p < 0.05). No significant effects on hemispheric swelling were observed. This is the first demonstration of an ET receptor antagonist exhibiting efficacy in cerebral focal ischemia. The fact that a 30% reduction in ischemic brain injury can be demonstrated after oral administration of SB 217242 suggests that ET antagonists may be of therapeutic utility in focal stroke. Copyright © 1995 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.