ORIGINAL ARTICLE: PDF OnlyLederle R. M.Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology: 1992 - p 69-72 Free Abstract Summary The course and prognosis of chronic renal failure are much worse in hypertensive patients than in normotensive patients with otherwise similar basic disease. Therefore, antihypertensive measures with a combination of diuretics, β-blockers, and vasodilators have clearly been shown to improve the progression of diabetic nephropathy. Treatment of hypertension with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors has also been shown to have a favorable effect on the prognosis of chronic renal failure. In the past few years, more knowledge about the pathogenesis of hypertension and the development of hypertension-induced organ damage has been followed by changing attitudes to antihypertensive therapy and the introduction of calcium antagonists for the treatment of hypertension, even in chronic renal failure. ACE inhibitors and calcium antagonists seem to be advantageous in the prognosis of chronic renal failure as they act on the humoral and trophogenic factors now known to be important in antihypertensive therapy. Copyright © 1992 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.