Original Article: PDF OnlyVarró András; Lathrop, David A.; Surawicz, BorysJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology: November 1990 - p 757-763 Free Abstract Summary: We compared the effects of a low (0.09µg/ml) concentration of propranolol expected to produce only (β-adrenoceptor blockade and a high concentration (0.9 µg/ml) expected to produce additional direct local anesthetic-like electrophysiological effects on basic and premature action potentials. Both isolated dog cardiac Purkinje and ventricular muscle fibers were examined using conventional microelectrode techniques. The low concentration of propranolol produced no significant electrophysiological change in either fiber type. The high concentration of propranolol shortened the action potential duration and refractoriness while decreasing the maximal upstroke velocity (JOURNAL/jcph/04.02/00005344-199011000-00010/ENTITY_OV0622/v/2017-07-28T025500Z/r/image-pngmax) in both Purkinje and ventricular muscle fibers at a constant basic cycle length. In Purkinje fibers, the high concentration also slowed the kinetics of restitution of the action potential duration (τc from 124.6 ± 6.5 to 201.4 ± 16.0 ms, p < 0.01, n = 7), slowed the recovery kinetics of JOURNAL/jcph/04.02/00005344-199011000-00010/ENTITY_OV0622/v/2017-07-28T025500Z/r/image-pngmax, and shifted the early portion of the normalized restitution curve toward longer action potential duration values in both fiber types. The range of premature action potential durations, defined as the difference between action potential durations during the first 100 ms of restitution, was decreased by the high concentration of propranolol in both Purkinje and ventricular muscle fibers by 39.5% and 33.9%, respectively. These findings indicate that (a) low concentrations of propranolol produced no direct electrophysiological effect, and (b) high concentrations of propranolol produced several potential antiarrhythmic effects in addition to the previously reported effects on JOURNAL/jcph/04.02/00005344-199011000-00010/ENTITY_OV0622/v/2017-07-28T025500Z/r/image-pngmax and the action potential duration © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.